Today, an impressive irrigation network of levadas – built in the 16th century – delivers a unique route for exploring the island, which has nearly 2,000km of trails crossing mountains, waterfalls, tunnels and endangered forests.
The Community of Madrid has the most protected space on the Iberian Peninsula: 15 per cent of the entire region. Peñalara, in the Guadarrama mountain range, is the region’s highest peak. It rises 2,428m above sea level.
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